Ismat Chughtai (Hindi: ????? ??????) 1 (15 August. 1915 – 24 October, 1991) was an eminent Indian Urdu writer, known for her indomitable spirit and a fierce feministic views.
She was considered the grand dame of Urdu fiction, as one of the four pillars of modern Urdu short story, the other three being Saadat Hasan Manto, Krishan Chander, and Rajinder Singh Bedi.